The effect of air temperature on forest fire risk in the municipality of Negotin

STANIMIR ŽIVANOVIĆ, MILENA GOCIĆ, RADOMIR IVANOVIĆ, NATAŠA MARTIĆ BURSAĆ

Abstract



Fires in nature are caused by moisture content in the burning material, which is dependent on the values of the climatic elements. The occurrence of these fires in Serbia is becoming more common, depending on the intensity and duration have a major impact on the state of vegetation. The aim of this study was to determine the association between changes in air temperature and the dynamics of the appearance of forest fires. To study the association of these properties were used Pearson correlation coefficients. The analysis is based on meteorological data obtained from meteorological station in Negotin for the period 1991-2010. Research has found that the annual number of fires, correlating with an average annual air temperature (p = 0.317, ρ = 0.21). Also, it was found that the annual number of fires positive, medium intensity, correlate with the absolute maximum air temperature (p = 0.578, ρ = 0.26), but not statistically significant (p> 0.05).

Keywords


air temperature; forest fire; the correlation coefficient; Negotin; Serbia

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