Human resource management in environmental protection in Serbia

Neda Nikolić, Vladimir Cvetković, Miodrag Zečević


Starting from the fact that the units of local self-government of the Republic of Serbia are not sufficiently oriented towards innovations related to human resources and the environment, the application of quantitative research tradition examines the positioning and understanding of certain procedures and decisions of human resources management regarding the functioning of the environmental protection system, on the one hand, and future strategies for changing the given system, on the other. A series of 105 face-to-face interviews were conducted during the year of 2016 in 105 of the 191 municipalities in the Republic of Serbia. Examination of the attitudes of the local self-government was carried out using a specially designed closed electronic questionnaire. The results of the multivariate regressions show that the most important predictor of the possible improvement of the environment is the size of the municipality. The remaining variables (e.g., human resources policy, human resources service) did not have significant effects on the ability to improve the environment. In more than half of local self-governments, there was no clearly defined human resources strategy in the field of environmental protection, an environmental protection service, an Environmental Action Plan, as well as an employment plan for waste management in local governments, etc. The research has shown that top managers of local governments agree that the management of human resources in environmental protection represents a significant opportunity to improve the quality of the environment. The results of te research can be used to improve the organization of human resource competence in environmental protection and the quality of a working and sustainable environment in the area of local self-government.

Key words: human resource, management, environmental protection, disaster risk management, Serbia

© 2020 Serbian Geographical Society, Belgrade, Serbia.

This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Serbia

Full Text:



Aleksandrina, M., Budiarti, D., Yu, Z., Pasha, F. & Shaw, R. (2019). Governmental Incentivization for SMEs’ Engagement in Disaster Resilience in Southeast Asia. International Journal of Disaster Risk Management, 1(1), 32-50.

Bielefeld, W. & Murdoch, J. C. (2004). The locations of nonprofit organizations and their for-profit counterparts: An exploratory analysis. Nonprofit and voluntary sector quarterly, 33(2), 221-246.

Boselie, P., Paauwe, J. & Jansen, P. (2001). Human resource management and performance: lessons from the Netherlands. International journal of human resource management, 12(7), 1107-1125.

Calabrese, T. (2013). Running on empty: The operating reserves of US nonprofit organizations. Nonprofit Management and Leadership, 23(3), 281-302.

Combs, J., Liu, Y., Hall, A. & Ketchen, D. (2006). How much do high‐performance work practices matter? A meta‐analysis of their effects on organizational performance. Personnel psychology, 59(3), 501-528.

Cooney, K. (2006). The institutional and technical structuring of nonprofit ventures: Case study of a US hybrid organization caught between two fields. Voluntas: International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations, 17(2), 137-155.

Cvetković, V. (2019). Upravljanje rizicima i sistemi zaštite i spasavanja od katastrofa. Beograd: Naučno-stručno društvo za upravljanje rizicima u vanrednim situacijama.

Cvetkovic, V. M. (2019). Risk perception of building fires in Belgrade. International Journal of Disaster Risk Management, 1(1), 81-91.

Cvetković, V. (2020). Upravljanje rizicima u vanrednim situacijama. Beograd: Naučno-stručno društvo za upravljanje rizicima u vanrednim situacijama.

Cvetković, V. M., Ronan, K., Shaw, R., Filipović, M., Mano, R., Gačić, J. & Jakovljević, V. (2019). Household earthquake preparedness in Serbia: A study of selected municipalities. Acta Geographica, 59(2), 28-42. DOI:10.3986/ags.5445

Cvetković, V., Nikolić, N., Nenadić, R. U., Ocal, A. & Zečević, M. (2020). Preparedness and Preventive Behaviors for a Pandemic Disaster Caused by COVID-19 in Serbia. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(11), 4124.

Cvetković, V., Öcal, A. & Ivanov, A. (2019). Young adults’ fear of disasters: A case study of residents from Turkey, Serbia and Macedonia. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 101095. DOI:

Cvetković, V., Roder, G., Öcal, A., Tarolli, P. & Dragićević, S. (2018). The Role of Gender in Preparedness and Response Behaviors towards Flood Risk in Serbia. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 15(12), 2761. DOI: /ijerph15122761

Cvetković, V., Tomašević, K. & Milašinović, S. (2019). Security risks of climate change: case study of Belgrade. Sociological Review, Sociological Review, 53(2), 596–626.

Demmke, C. & Deakin, S. F. (2001). Towards effective environmental regulation: innovative approaches in implementing and enforcing European environmental law and policy. New York: University School of Law.

Finkelstein, M. A. (2010). Individualism/collectivism: Implications for the volunteer process. Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal, 38(4), 445-452.

Gajić, M. & Cvetanović, M. (2015). Theoretical bases of ecotourism and examples of potential ecotourism destinations in Serbia. Bulletin of the Serbian geographical society, 95(3), 37-58.

Grant, A. (2007). Relational job design and the motivation to make a prosocial difference, 32(2), 393-417.

Guo, C., Brown, W. A., Ashcraft, R. F., Yoshioka, C. F. & Dong, H.-K. D. (2011). Strategic human resources management in nonprofit organizations. Review of Public Personnel Administration, 31(3), 248-269.

Huselid, M. A. (1995). The impact of human resource management practices on turnover, productivity, and corporate financial performance. Academy of management journal, 38(3), 635-672.

Khan, R., Rehman, A. U. & Fatima, A.(2009). Transformational leadership and organizational innovation: Moderated by organizational size, 3(11), 678-684.

Khwaja, A. I. (2005). Measuring empowerment at the community level: An economist’s perspective. 267-284.

Kovach, K. A. (1995). Employee motivation: Addressing a crucial factor in your organization's performance. Employment Relations Today, 22(2), 93-107.

Kumiko, F. & Shaw, R. (2019). Preparing International Joint Project: Use of Japanese Flood Hazard Map in Bangladesh. International Journal of Disaster Risk Management, 1(1), 62-80.

Ladewig, H. & McCann, G. C. J. R. S. (1980). Community satisfaction: Theory and measurement, 45(1), 110.

Lovrić, N., Tošić, R., Dragićević, S. & Novković, I. (2019). Assessment of torrential flood susceptibility: case study-Ukrina river basin (B&H). Glasnik Srpskog geografskog drustva, 99(2), 1-16.

Menković, L., Košćal, M., Milivojević, M. & Đokić, M. (2018). Morphostructure relations on the territory of the Republic of Serbia. Glasnik Srpskog geografskog drustva, 98(2), 1-28.

Mintzberg, H., Bienayme, A. & Daupidne, p. (1991). The effective organization: forces and forms. Actes du séminaire Contradictions et Dynamique des Organisations-CONDOR-II, 20.

Ocal, A. (2019). Natural Disasters in Turkey: Social and Economic Perspective. International Journal of Disaster Risk Management, 1(1), 51-61.

Perić, J. & Cvetković, V. M. (2019). Demographic, socio-economic and phycological perspective of risk perception from disasters caused by floods: case study Belgrade. International Journal of Disaster Risk Management, 1(2), 31-43.

Piccoli, G., Powell, A. & Ives, B. (2004). Virtual teams: team control structure, work processes, and team effectiveness. Information Technology & People, 17(4), 359-379.

Preffer, J. & Salancik, G. (1978). The external control of organizations: A resource dependence perspective.

Mano, R. & Giannikis, S. (2013). Turnover following a crisis in Israel's nonprofits. Personnel Review, 42(6), 745-762.

Sine, W. D., Mitsuhashi, H. & Kirsch, D. A. (2006). Revisiting Burns and Stalker: Formal structure and new venture performance in emerging economic sectors. Academy of management journal, 49(1), 121-132.

Torrington, D., Hall, L. & Taylor, S. (2007). Human resource management: Prentice Hall.

Tošić, B. & Živanović, Z. J. G. S. g. d. (2013). Possibilities and limitations of territorial cooperation among Serbian and European towns, 93(3), 11-34.

Tošić, R., Lovrić, N. & Dragićević, S. (2014). Land use changes caused by bank erosion along the lower part of the Bosna River from 2001 to 2013. Bulletin of the Serbian geographical society, 94(4), 49-58.

Tuan, N. P., & Takahashi, Y. (2009). Resources, Organizational Capabilities and Performance: some empirical evidence from Vietnam’s supporting industries. International Review of Business Research Papers, 5(4), 219-231.

Ulrich, D. & Lake, D. (1991). Organizational capability: Creating competitive advantage. Academy of Management Perspectives, 5(1), 77-92.

Vaccaro, I. G., Jansen, J. J., Van Den Bosch, F. A. & Volberda, H. W. (2012). Management innovation and leadership: The moderating role of organizational size. Journal of Management Studies, 49(1), 28-51.

Wood, E. H. (2006). Measuring the social impacts of local authority events: A pilot study for a civic pride scale. International Journal of Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Marketing, 11(3), 165-179.

Xuesong, G. & Kapucu, N. (2019). Examining Stakeholder Participation in Social Stability Risk Assessment for Mega Projects using Network Analysis. International Journal of Disaster Risk Management, 1(1), 1-31.


  • There are currently no refbacks.